Perspectivas de Comunidades Indígenas de La Guajira Frente al Desarrollo Sostenible y el Abastecimiento Energético
Perspectives of native community in la guajira facing sustainable development and energy supply
Silva Ortega, Jorge Ivan
Ojeda C, Edgar;
Candelo, John E.
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AbstractAccess to electricity as a public service is important issue to promote the economic development of isolated communities. However, this service is not available in many remote communities. Providing electricity service must be accompanied with some identification and characterization plans according to the energy needs, including the service quality and energy efficiency. The direct perception of the native communities is fundamental to define the requirements of new electrification projects. This paper summarizes the perceptions of native communities in La Guajira, Colombia about providing electricity service, and possible actions for improving energy resources available in the area. To achieve these results, a survey that identifies the people's opinion was applied with the following factors: the percentage of households with electricity, the perception of service quality, the proper use of electricity, and its main use. The results show that a high percentage of the native population does not have access to electricity, but they recognize and identify that this service would promote their economic development. However, people's perception about service quality is not good, and most of the population has concern regarding the use of electricity, saving actions and payment mechanisms. Through this research, a new perception of the sustainable energy is determined, relevant to achieve the best application of the electricity use in the region, towards the promotion of the sustainable development. These results show that there is a need to ensure energy supplied to non-interconnected or isolated areas, which represents a great challenge for the Government in providing more resources to the population, and to promote compliance with the proclaimed in the current laws and energy policy.