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dc.creatorHormeño-Holgado, Alberto J.
dc.creatorClemente Suárez, Vicente Javier
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-15T14:14:27Z
dc.date.available2019-05-15T14:14:27Z
dc.date.issued2019-01-19
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11323/3336
dc.description.abstractThe present research aimed: i. to analyse the psychophysiological response of soldiers undertaking a special operation selection course; ii. to study the relationship between fat and muscle loss and the psychophysiological response of soldiers undertaking a special operation selection course. We analysed 46 professional soldiers from a special operations unit (25.1 ± 5.0 years, 1.8 ± 0.1 cm, 76.8 ± 7.9 kg, 24.4 ± 2.5 kg/m2) undertaking the last phase of their 10 weeks special operation selection course. Before and immediately after the exercise the following variables were assessed: Stress subjective perception, fatigue subjective perception, rating of perceived perception, cortical arousal, body temperature, blood oxygen saturation, spirometry, isometric hand strength, lower body muscular strength, urine, body composition, life engagement test, coping flexibility scale, acceptance and action questionnaire, perceived stress scale, anxiety state, visual analogue scale and differential aptitude test. A special operation selection course induced an intense stress and physical response as suggested by the psychophysiological changes with a significant (p < 0.05) increase in fatigue and stress subjective perception, blood oxygen saturation, Ph, cognitive impairment and motivation-loss. Moreover, decreased leg strength, peak expiratory flow, cortical arousal, body composition, body weight, fat and muscle mass, anxiety stress, alertness, sadness and tension decreased after the exercise. Regarding body composition, higher muscle mass loss participants were related to a higher cognitive impairment and similar psychophysiological response than lower fat mass loss participants.es_ES
dc.description.abstractLa presente investigación tuvo como objetivo: i. analizar la respuesta psicofisiológica de los soldados que realizan un curso especial de selección de operaciones; ii. para estudiar la relación entre la pérdida de grasa y músculo y la respuesta psicofisiológica de los soldados que realizan un curso de selección de operaciones especiales. Analizamos 46 soldados profesionales de una unidad de operaciones especiales (25.1 ± 5.0 años, 1.8 ± 0.1 cm, 76.8 ± 7.9 kg, 24.4 ± 2.5 kg / m2) que realizaron la última fase de su curso de selección de operación especial de 10 semanas. Antes e inmediatamente después del ejercicio, se evaluaron las siguientes variables: percepción subjetiva de estrés, percepción subjetiva de fatiga, clasificación de percepción percibida, activación cortical, temperatura corporal, saturación de oxígeno en la sangre, espirometría, fuerza isométrica de las manos, fuerza muscular de la parte inferior del cuerpo, orina, composición corporal , prueba de compromiso vital, escala de flexibilidad de afrontamiento, cuestionario de aceptación y acción, escala de estrés percibido, estado de ansiedad, escala analógica visual y prueba de aptitud diferencial. Un curso de selección de operación especial indujo un estrés intenso y una respuesta física como lo sugieren los cambios psicofisiológicos con un aumento significativo (p <0.05) en la percepción subjetiva de fatiga y estrés, saturación de oxígeno en la sangre, Ph, deterioro cognitivo y pérdida de la motivación. Además, disminuyó la fuerza de las piernas, el flujo espiratorio máximo, la excitación cortical, la composición corporal, el peso corporal, la masa muscular y grasa, el estrés por ansiedad, el estado de alerta, la tristeza y la tensión disminuyeron después del ejercicio. Con respecto a la composición corporal, los participantes con mayor pérdida de masa muscular se relacionaron con un mayor deterioro cognitivo y una respuesta psicofisiológica similar a los participantes con menor pérdida de masa grasa.es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherUniversidad de la Costaes_ES
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/*
dc.subjectCortical arousales_ES
dc.subjectStresses_ES
dc.subjectAnxietyes_ES
dc.subjectMilitaryes_ES
dc.subjectSleep deprivationes_ES
dc.subjectExcitación corticales_ES
dc.subjectEstréses_ES
dc.subjectAnsiedades_ES
dc.subjectMilitares_ES
dc.subjectLa privación del sueñoes_ES
dc.titlePsychophysiological monitorization in a special operation selection coursees_ES
dc.title.alternativeMonitorización psicofisiológica en un curso de selección de operación especial.es_ES
dc.typeArticlees_ES
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