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dc.creatorConde Sánchez, Stefany
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-03T19:08:25Z
dc.date.available2018-11-03T19:08:25Z
dc.date.issued2017-02-06
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11323/352
dc.descriptionIngeniería Industrialeng
dc.description.abstractExiste una creciente preocupación mundial por el impacto ambiental que están generando los desechos provenientes de los bienes de consumo masivo como lo son los envases PET. Se han realizado varios estudios al respecto entre los cuales se encuentran los sistemas de depósito reembolsable como alternativas de solución recomendadas por varios autores; sin embargo no han tenido gran acogida en muchos países, esto puede atribuirse a los perjuicios que estos ocasionan en los minoristas. Esta investigación propone un modelo de simulación de la logística directa e inversa de plástico PET enfocado a la mitigación de impactos negativos en los minoristas el cual está basado en el artículo científico “Economic analysis of deposit–refund systems with measures for mitigating negative impacts on suppliers” (Numata D., 2009). La caracterización del modelo se hace teniendo en cuenta los estudios realizados previamente y se modela utilizando el software de simulación ARENA. Se utilizan diferentes indicadores de medición para analizar el desempeño de la cadena de suministros bajo dicho modelo y posteriormente se definen y modelan varios escenarios alternativos para realizar un análisis comparativo y determinar cuáles serían las condiciones más favorables para los minoristas ante la implantación de un sistema de depósito reembolsable. Finalmente se obtiene que la adopción de políticas de mitigación de impactos negativos en los sistemas de depósitos reembolsables es un gran incentivo para los minoristas puesto que los beneficios económicos son significativos incluso bajo diferentes escenarios y facilitan el flujo del canal inverso en su punto más crítico que es la recolección.spa
dc.description.abstractThere is an increasing global concern about the environmental impact that wastes from mass consumer goods like PET containers are generating.Several studies have been carried out including deposit-refund systems as alternatives of solution recommended by several authors; although they have not been well received in many countries, this can be attributed to the damages caused by them on retailers. This study proposes a simulation model of direct and reverse logistic of PET plastic focussed to mitigation of negative impacts on retailers which is based on scientific article “Economic analysis of deposit–refund systems with measures for mitigating negative impacts on suppliers” (Numata D., 2009). The model characterization is made taking into account the previous studies and is modeled using the simulation software ARENA. Different measurement indicators are used to analyze the performance of supply chain under such model and then several alternative scenarios are defined and modeled to make a comparative analysis and determine what woul be the most favorable conditions to retailers under the implementation of a deposit-refund system. The results show that adoption of negative impacts mitigation policies on deposit-refund systems is a great incentive to the retailers since the economic benefits are significative even under different scenarios and make easier the flow of reverse logistic in its more critical fase that is recolection.eng
dc.language.isospaeng
dc.publisherUniversidad de la Costa
dc.rightsAtribución – No comercial – Compartir igualeng
dc.subjectLogística inversaeng
dc.subjectCadena de suministroseng
dc.subjectSimulacióneng
dc.subjectPlástico PETeng
dc.subjectPET plastic
dc.subjectSimulation
dc.subjectSupply chain
dc.subjectReverse logistics
dc.titleDiseño de un modelo de simulación genérico de la logística directa e inversa del plástico pet enfocado a la mitigación de impactos negativos en los minoristaseng
dc.typeThesiseng
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dc.contributor.tutorObredor Baldovino, Thalia
dc.contributor.coasesorBorrero López, Luz


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