Garantías del estado colombiano para la protección de los derechos fundamentales de las mujeres en alto riesgo de feminicidio en el departamento del Atlántico
Luis Hernando, Castro Garcia | 2022
In the present investigation, the topic of Femicide was covered and the guarantees offered by the Colombian state for prevention and safe protection of the rights of women at high risk of femicide in the Department of the Atlantic were reviewed, such as Law 1257 of 2008. , created to provide guarantees for all women, and that they can develop a life free from all kinds of violence, both in the public sphere and in their private life; and Law 1761 of 2015, (Rosa Elvira Cely) created in order to prevent the occurrence of heinous acts such as the one that occurred to the citizen whose name the law mentions, and also to try to contribute to reducing the rates of this crime. In the present work, in addition, we mention some sentences of the Constitutional Court related to the subject. We also collected the concepts of organizations of women's groups and entities that promote prevention and non-violation of women's rights and fight for the eradication of all types of violence against them.The following were proposed as specific objectives:
1- Identify the risk factors that have a direct impact on Femicide.
2.- Analyze the state of vulnerability in which women in the department of Atlántico find themselves with respect to their aggressors.
3. Determine the protection measures established by the Colombian State for women at high risk of femicide
4. - Establish if the implementation of Law 1761 of 2015 has contributed to lowering the rates of
Femicide in Colombia and the department of Atlántico.
For the evolution of this investigation, we took and studied the definitions of some authors on the subject in question, as well as analyzed the jurisprudence of the courts where cases of violence against women are handled, to establish whether the guarantees offered by the Colombian State regarding the security of its citizens against femicide are being effective.
As a result of the socio-legal research with a qualitative approach, it was concluded that despite the efforts of the State, the established guarantees have not been sufficient for the prevention and protection of women who are outraged by violence, which places them at imminent risk of being a victim of femicide and that the protection measures for women victims of violence have not been efficient in terms of the objective for which they were created.
It was also established that femicide goes hand in hand with several factors that have an impact on the commission of this crime, such as the socioeconomic situation, lack of study, among others.
As a recommendation, it was established that the State must provide better training to its officials, that it is necessary to carry out a process of denaturalization of all violent manifestations that go against women, in addition to strengthening protection measures offered by the state.
By achieving all this, the occurrence of femicide cases throughout the national territory could be avoided