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dc.creatorFernandez Lucas, Jesus
dc.creatorCastañeda Valbuena, Daniel
dc.creatorHormigo, Daniel
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-21T13:13:05Z
dc.date.available2018-11-21T13:13:05Z
dc.date.issued2017-08-23
dc.identifier.issn09242244
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11323/1609
dc.description.abstractBackground In recent years, proteases have arisen as standard biocatalysts in many industrial processes in different fields, such as pharmaceutical, medicine, detergent manufacturing and food science. Among them, papain is undoubtedly one of the most frequently studied and widely used proteases in the food industry around the world. However, the latest advances in recombinant papain expression systems, genetically engineered biocatalysts, new purification and isolation strategies, and enzymatic immobilization will enhance the development of new applications of papain, as well as improve and optimize classical applications. Scope and approach This review addresses not only the latest advances in classic applications, such as meat tenderization and protein hydrolysates, but also the most innovative applications in different industries such as food, animal feed, bioactive peptides production, water treatment, baking and brewing, among many others. In addition, papain is a perfect example of a successful industrial enzyme that covers all the steps of the biocatalytic cycle that are necessary for the industrial implementation of any biocatalyst. This cycle includes the production and extraction of the enzyme concerned (from natural or recombinant sources), functional and structural characterization, genetic improvement, immobilization and, finally, industrial application. This review describes the complete biocatalytic cycle of papain. Key findings and conclusions Papain is clearly a case of industrial and commercial success over the last 40 years. The key to this success has been continual biotechnological and process engineering innovation, which has opened up a new range of possibilities for this exciting biocatalyst. However, further efforts are needed in protein engineering and characterization of new mutants to reach the full potential of this enzyme.spa
dc.language.isoengeng
dc.relation.ispartof10.1016/j.tifs.2017.08.017eng
dc.rightsAtribución – No comercial – Compartir igualeng
dc.subjectBiocatalysiseng
dc.subjectCysteine proteaseseng
dc.subjectEnzyme biotechnologyeng
dc.subjectImmobilizationeng
dc.subjectIndustrial processeseng
dc.subjectPapaineng
dc.titleNew trends for a classical enzyme: Papain, a biotechnological success story in the food industryeng
dc.typeArticleeng


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