Formulación de la Línea Base para el Manejo de los Residuos Sólidos en el Municipio de Sabanalarga – Atlántico y sus Corregimientos Aledaños
Henríquez Sarmiento, Lina
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AbstractResolution 0754 Issued on November 25, 2014 by the Ministry of Housing, City and Territory, with the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development establishes the methodology for the formulation, implementation, evaluation, monitoring, control and updating of comprehensive management plans Municipal solid waste, which must be adopted by mayors of all municipalities and districts of the country, as a planning tool aimed at ensuring the sole management of solid waste. In accordance with the provisions of the aforementioned resolution, the baseline serves to establish the current state of integral solid waste management in the respective municipality, district of the region. The present paper presents the formulation of the structural components that make up the baseline in the integral management of solid waste, the terms of the municipality of Sabanalarga Atlántico and its seven (7) corregimientos, based on an investigative study, in order to establish guidelines To propose the use of projects based on the aforementioned resolution, thus obtaining the amount of solid waste generated in the municipality, determination of the physical properties of solid wastes, social characteristics and economic conditions of recyclers and collection centers Municipalities, Establishing in this way the current state in which the municipality of Sabanalarga Atlántico and its corregimientos (La Peña, Molinero, Gallego, Colombia, Isabel López, Cascajal and Aguadas de Pablo) are located. Taking into account once for the selection of the selected samples the formula presented by 10 Sakurai (Pacheco et al., 2009) and the method used for the realization of the presented social study is a quantitative evaluative character, For the classification of solids according to their physical composition, the theories proposed by Busot (1991) and Sierra Michelena (2004) for the selection of representative samples in social research and the formats established by the Technical Regulation of the Drinking Water and Basic Sanitation sector Ras 2000 title F for the application of the surveys in the collection center and recyclers. Once the methodology of work was implemented The most important fractions of the waste generated in the municipality of Sabanalarga-Atlantic and its settlements were obtained obtaining a total PPC for the urban area of 0.75 (kg / hab / day) and for the area Rural area of 0.46 (kg / inhab / day), with organic waste, in this case, garden and food, and secondly, waste of an accessible type, namely: Cardboard, Paper , Glass and plastic, for which were drawn up guidelines that strengthened these found weaknesses; That is to say, it minimizes the generation of this type of waste, for example the production of activities of vermicompost, compost and organic fertilizer for the implementation of the same in the activities of the campaigns carried out in the municipality and in the rural area, by the Peasants and farmers; Once for the case of materials also applies the implementation of recycling alternatives and the use that providing the municipality with beautification in the green areas, as well as for the case of collection centers and recyclers was proposed the realization An organizational model where the best products for these better legal and sanitary conditions.