Adaptación de la escala de predicción del riesgo de violencia grave contra la pareja, Barranquilla (Colombia)
Montenegro Ariza, María Mónica
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AbstractAs established by World Health Organization, the intimate partner violence has been established as a public health worldwide prevalence, affecting in most cases the physical, psychological and social well-being during the lifetime who experiences it. There are three main types of violence against established and recognized in the Colombian penal code dating as: Physical violence, which refers to coercion that makes a person over another to vitiate his will and force her to perform a certain act. This constraint can lead to temporary or permanent disability and in turn can leave psychological effects, psychological violence that entails changes in mental functions deriving from act of a third party, that established in Article 115 of the Penal Code. This violence manifests verbal abuse and cruel actions. Finally there is the sexual violence which includes both physical violence and psychological violence. Clear examples in which sexual violence evidence can be found in Title IV "Offences against freedom, integrity and sexual education" Chapter of the violation first. Articles mostly speak about use of violence by the perpetrator to reach erotic satisfy their sexual desires and as a result of the proceeds cause "irreparable" damage detrimental to the psyche of the victim possibly creating a state of inferiority mental. The amended by Article 33 of Law 1142 of 2007 Colombian Penal Code, Article 229, Article provides that where physically or psychologically mistreat any member of your household incur, provided that the conduct constitutes an offense punishable by imprisonment more, in prison four (4) to eight (8) years, being the light of the existing sanctions in a country to impose penalty on the person exercising this violent practice. However, despite existing laws that punish such crimes, they are increasing the numbers of intimate partner violence, which is why the adaptation of tools to predict the risk of violence grave to which it is exposed is necessary a woman after being set up complaint have suffered some form of violence by their partner or former partner. In this investigation it was established the reliability criteria which correspond to 0.886 considered from the literature as good in terms of assessing the reliability of instruments. So mime was determined that the EPV applies only to predict risk of future violence in male population with a history of intimate partner violence. This supported from the results of the ANOVA. Thus it was possible to obtain the measure of the adequacy KMO 899 is obtained. So and so to the extent of sampling adequacy Kaiser- Meyer- Olkin ( KMO coefficient ) it is found that the partial correlations between variables are almost excellent ; excellent in sampling adequacy ( 0.9 < KMO £ 1,0 = Excellent) , and indicates that the factor analysis is more than adequate , while approaches 1 (Kaiser , 1974).