Caracterización de la violencia escolar en estudiantes de cuarto a décimo grado del colegio distrital “El Cañahuate”
Fonseca C., Walter
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AbstractViolence is a phenomenon that has a place in Colombia for more than fifty years, and through it’s history has produce all kind of situations on the politic and social point of view. Consequently, has generated situations that impacts in all levels of society. This Outlook has taken the governmental administrations to assign resources it implement strategies that mitigate the reality that the country lives now days in relation to the violence, however it of vital importance to know the actual state to be able to propose programs that permit to intervene in the general population in a more effective way. Because the violence topic is so crucial in Colombian society and the educational scenarios decisive so that generations keeps adopting attitudes and behaviors that perpetuate such phenomenon or contrary they become scenarios that help to change this outlook, this study focused to describe the types of school violence that exist in the context of the district school “el Cañahuate”, located in the city of Barranquilla, in stratum 1 and 2. The sample was taken from 152 students from 4th grade of basic primary until 10th grade. This investigation fundament on an empiric analytic paradigm, with a focus on quantitative study, a non-experimental method and a type descriptive scope, reflected on the investigation objective. After a systematic revision of the scientific literature about school violence, it was selected a measure instrument of the student violence rate, proposed by Cardenas and Navarro (2015), with a Linkert type design, with intervals from 0 to 4, where 4 is always and 0 is not presented, this instrument has as a theoretical fundament the exposed by Araos and Correa authors (2004), who consider violence has several ways of manifestation such as: physical violence, psychological violence, material violence and at last the mixt violence. In this sense, within the findings result of this investigative process, it was determined that the types of violence, such as the physical violence and the material violence, are seen more frequently in comparison to the psychological and mixt violence. This indicates that in the moment of proposing and applying any program that points to diminish the school violence in the district school “el Cañahuate”, there is a need to focus on these two types of violence that represent the nowadays population that makes part of it.
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