Show simple item record


dc.creatorSánchez, Martha Lissette
dc.creatorMorales Martín, Luz Yolanda
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-13T14:25:25Z
dc.date.available2019-11-13T14:25:25Z
dc.date.issued2019-05-31
dc.identifier.citationSánchez Cruz, M., & Morales, L. (2019). Influencia del contenido de humedad en las propiedades mecánicas de la Caña de Guadua. INGE CUC, 15(1), 99-108. https://doi.org/10.17981/ingecuc.15.1.2019.09spa
dc.identifier.issn2382-4700
dc.identifier.issn0122-6517
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11323/5621
dc.description.abstractIntroduction−Due to its earthquake behavior, the use of bamboo for structural purposes has increased in the latest decades, mainly in South American countries, in which, their employment, has been standardized in the design bases. However, for the efficient use of bamboo as a construction material, it is necessary to consider that being a natural material, volumetric variations can occur, especially when the material is subjected to changes in moisture between the saturation point of the fibers and the equilibrium moisture.Objectives−The objective of this paper is to evaluate the influence of the moisture content on the mechani-cal properties of elements extracted from the bottom, middle, and top of bamboo culms.Methodology−For the study, research is carried out with a quantitative approach. The experimental charac-terization was focused on the determination of compres-sion, bending, and shear strength, according to the rec-ommendations of the Colombian Technical Standards.Results−Results allow verifying that bamboo elements are susceptible to vary their strength and stiffness de-pending on the equilibrium moisture of the region to be considered in the structural design. Conclusions−Theinfluence of the moisture content on the mechanical properties of elements extracted from the bottom, middle, and top of bamboo culms was evalu-ated. The experimental characterization was focused on the determination of compression, bending, and shear strength. From the results, it is possible to verify that an increase in the moisture content reduces the mechanical strength of the material. The decrease in the values of maximum stress is more significant for moisture values between 12 % and the saturation point of the fibers and is accompanied by important dimensional changes that impair the mechanical performance of the material. The results show that above the point of saturation of the fibers the mechanical behavior of the culms is not modified.spa
dc.description.abstractIntroducción−debido a su comportamiento sismo resis-tente, el uso del bambú con fines estructurales se ha in-crementado en las últimas décadas, principalmente en los países de América del Sur; en los cuales, su empleo, se ha estandarizado en las bases para el diseño estructural. Sin embargo, para el uso eficiente del bambú como material de construcción, es necesario considerar que al ser un ma-terial natural, pueden ocurrir variaciones volumétricas, especialmente cuando el material es sometido a cambios en el nivel de humedad entre el punto de saturación de las fibras y el punto de equilibrio de humedad.Objetivos−El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar la influ-encia del nivel de humedad sobre las propiedades mecáni-cas de los elementos extraídos de las cañas de bambú de la parte inferior, media y superior, con edades comprendidas entre 4 a 6 años, después de inmunizados con una solución de ácido bórico.Metodología−Para el desarrollo del estudio, se llevó a cabo una investigación con un enfoque cuantitativo. La caracterización experimental se centró en la determinación de la compresión, la flexión y la resistencia al corte, de acuerdo con las recomendaciones de las Normas Técnicas de Colombia (NTC).Resultados−Los resultados permiten evidenciar que los elementos de bambú son susceptibles de variar su resistencia y rigidez dependiendo de la humedad de equilibrio de la región a considerar en el diseño estructural.Conclusiones−Se evaluó la influencia del nivel de humedad en las propiedades mecánicas de los elementos extraídos de los culmos de bambú de la parte inferior, media y superior. A partir de los resultados, es posible verificar que un incremento en el nivel de humedad reduce la resistencia mecánica del material. La disminución en los valores de tensión máxima es más significativa para los valores de humedad comprendidos entre el 12 % y el punto de saturación de las fibras, y se acompaña de importantes cambios dimensionales que impiden el rendimiento mecánico del material. Los resultados muestran que, por encima del punto de saturación de las fibras, no se modifica el comportamiento mecánico de las cañas.spa
dc.language.isoengspa
dc.publisherCorporación Universidad de la Costa
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universal*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/*
dc.sourceINGE CUCspa
dc.subjectBambúspa
dc.subjectContenido de humedadspa
dc.subjectCompresiónspa
dc.subjectCortantespa
dc.subjectFlexiónspa
dc.subjectBamboospa
dc.subjectMoisture contentspa
dc.subjectShearspa
dc.subjectBendingspa
dc.titleInfluence of moisture content on the mechanical properties of Guadua Culmsspa
dc.title.alternativeInfluencia del contenido de humedad en las propiedades mecánicas de la Caña de Guaduaspa
dc.typeArticlespa
dcterms.referencesC. B. Okhio, J. E. Waning and Y. T. Mekonnen, “An Experimental Investigation of the Effects of Moisture Content on the Mechanical Properties of Bamboo and Cane,” Cyber Journals: Journal of Selected Areas in Bioengineering (JSAB), vol. 11, no. 1, pp.7–14, Nov. 2011. H. Chen, M. Miao and X. Ding, “Influence of moisture absorption on the interfacial strength of Bamboo and cane and Cane/vinyl ester composites,” Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, vol. 40, no. 12, pp. 2013–2019, Dec. 2019, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2009.09.003 C.C. Gerhards, “Effect of Moisture Content and Temperature on the Mechanical Properties of Wood: An Analysis of Immediate Effects,” Wood Fiber Science, vol. 14, no. 1, pp.4–36, Jan. 1982. Z. Jiang, H. Wang, G. Tian, X. Liu and W. Yu, “Sensitivity of several selected mechanical properties of moso bamboo to moisture content change under the fibre saturation point,” Bioresources, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 5048–5058, Aug. 2012, doi: https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.7.4.5048-5058 J. Niklewski, M. Fredriksson and T. Isaksson, “Moisture content prediction of rain-exposed wood: Test and evaluation of a simple numerical model for durability applications,” Building and Environment, vol. 97, no. 1, pp. 126–136, Feb. 2016, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2015.11.037 H. Daassi-Gnaba, Y. Oussar, M. Merlan, T. Ditchi, E. Géron and S. Holé, “Wood moisture content prediction using feature selection techniques and a kernel method,” Neurocomputing, vol. 237, no. 10, pp. 79–91, May. 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neucom.2016.09.005 T. Mai, S. Razafindratsima, Z. Mehdi, F. Demontoux and F. Bos, “Non-destructive evaluation of moisture content of wood material at GPR frequency,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 213–217, Feb. 2015, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.12.030 H. Liu, Z. Jiang, B. Fei, C. Hse and Z. Sun, “Tensile behavior and fracture mechanism of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens),” Holzforsch, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 47–52, May. 2015, doi: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2013-0220 S. Askarinejad, P. Kotowski, F. Shalchy and N. Rahbar, “Effects of humidity on shear behavior of bamboo,” Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Letters, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 236–243, Nov. 2015, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.taml.2015.11.007 B. Sharma, A. Gatóo, M. Bock and M. Ramage, “Engineered bamboo for structural applications,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 66–73, Apr. 2015, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.01.077 T.-Y. Chen, C.-H. Shih and H.-C. Chen, “Determination of the moisture content at fiber saturation point of bamboo by nondestructive testing method with stress wave timer,” in: Proc. of the fifth world conf. on timber engineering, Montreaux, Switzerland, Aug. 17–20, 1998, vol. 2, pp.820–821. M. R. Wakchaure and S. Y. Kute, “Effect of moisture content on physical and mechanical properties of bamboo,” Asian Journal of Civil Eng., vol. 13, no. 6, pp.753–763, Feb. 2012. S. Nahar and M. Hasan, “Effect of chemical composition, anatomy and cell wall structure on tensile properties of bamboo fiber,” Eng. Journal, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 61–68, Jan. 2013, doi: https://doi.org/10.4186/ej.2013.17.1.61 H. Wang, G. Tian, W. Li, D. Ren, X. Zhang and Y. Yu, “Sensitivity of bamboo fiber longitudinal tensile properties to moisture content variation under the fiber saturation point,” Journal of Wood Science, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 262–269, Feb. 2015, doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10086-015-1466-y R. R. Mvondo, M. Meukam, J. Jeong, D. D. Meneses and E. G. Nkeng, “Influence of water content on the mechanical and chemical properties of tropical wood species”, Results in Physics, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 2096–2103, Jun. 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rinp.2017.06.025 L. Xiaobo, “Physical, chemical, and mechanical properties of Bamboo and cane and Cane and its utilization potential for fiberboard manufacturing,” M.S. Theses, Dpt. Renewable Natural Resources, Louisiana State Univ. and Agri. and Mech. College, USA, 2004. [Online]. Available: https://digitalcommons.lsu.edu/gradschool_theses/866 N. Pérez-Peña, L. Valenzuela, J. E. Diaz-Vaz and R. A. Ananías, “Prediction of equilibrium moisture content in wood in relation to the specific gravity of the cell wall and environmental variables,” Maderas, Ciencia y Tecnología, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 253-266, Jun. 2011, doi: https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-221X2011000300002 Q. Xu, K. Harries, X. Li, Q. Liu and J. Gottron, “Mechanical properties of structural bamboo following immersion in water,” Eng. Structures, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 230–239, Dec. 2014, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2014.09.044 S. Jakovljevic, D. Lisjak, Z. Alar and F. Penava, “The influence of humidity on mechanical properties of bamboo for bicycles,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 150, no. 1, pp. 35–48, Sept. 2017, doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.05.189 M. Gutiérrez-González and C. P. Takeuchi-Tam, “Efecto del contenido de humedad en la resistencia a tensión paralela a la fibra del bambú Guadua Angustifolia Kunth,” Scientia et Technica, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 245–250, Sept. 2014, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.22517/23447214.9117 J. Dumar, “Determinación de la variación de la resistencia a flexión y módulo de elasticidad longitudinal de la guadua angustifolia kunth, con el contenido de humedad,” Mg. Tesis, Fac. de Ing., Univ. Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, D.C. Colombia, 2015. G. Giraldo and G. Wbeimar, “Resistencia de la sección transversal de la guadua sometida a compresión,” Reporte Técnico, 2014. [Online]. Available: http://bdigital.unal.edu.co/4969/ Preservación y secado del culmo de Guadua Angustifolia Kunth, NTC 5301, ICONTEC, Instituto Colombiano de Normas Técnicas, Bogotá, D.C. Colombia, Jul. 2007. Métodos de ensayo para determinar las propiedades físicas y mecánicas de la Guadua angustifolia Kunth, NTC 5525, ICONTEC, Instituto Colombiano de Normas Técnicas, Bogotá, D.C. Colombia, Sept. 2007. M. Fuentes-Salinas, “Estimación del punto de saturación de las fibras (PSF) de las Maderas,” Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencia Forestales y del Ambiente, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 79–81, Jan. 2000. Available: https://chapingo.mx/revistas/revistas/articulos/doc/rchscfaVI325.pdf M. Gutiérrez, J. I. Bonilla, M. F. Cruz and J. G. Quintero, "Linear expansion and fiber saturation point of Guadua angustifolia Kunth", Colombia Forestal, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 69–80, Jun. 2018, doi: https://doi.org/10.14483/2256201X.11501 H. Hamdan, C. A. S. Hill, A. Zaidon, U. M. Anwar, and M. Abdel-Latif, “Equilibrium moisture content and volumetric changes of Gigantochloa Scortechinii,” Journal of Tropical Forest Science, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 18–24, Jan. 2007, Available: https://www.jstor.org/stable/43594693 W. Liese and M. Köhl, (Eds), Bamboo: The Plant and its Uses (Tropical Forestry),” Switzerland: Springer, Cham, (Int. Publishing), 2015, doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-14133-6 T. Y. Lo, H. Z. Cui and H. C. Leung, “The effect of fiber density on strength capacity of bamboo,” Materials Letters, vol. 58, no. 21, pp. 2595–2598, Aug. 2004, doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2004.03.029 Z. Jiang, H. Wang, G. Tian, X. Liu and W. Yu, “Sensitivity of Several Selected Mechanical Properties of Moso Bamboo to Moisture Content Change Under Fiber Saturation Point,” Bioresources, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 5048–5058, Aug. 2012, doi: http://doi.org/10.15376/biores.7.4.5048-5058 J. A. Janssen, “The relationship between mechanical properties and the biological and chemical composition of bamboo,” In Bamboo Production and Utilization, Higuchi, T. (ed.), Proc. of the XVII IUFRO World Cong., Kyoto, Japan, Sept. 6–17. 1981, pp- 27-32. Y. Kojima and H. Yamamoto, “Properties of the cell wall constituents in relation to the longitudinal elasticity of wood,” Wood Sci. Technol., vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 427–434, Mar. 2004, doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00226-003-0177-5spa
dc.type.hasVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/submittedVersionspa
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessspa
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.17981/ingecuc.15.1.2019.09


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Revistas Científicas
    Artículos de investigación publicados en revistas pertenecientes a la Editorial EDUCOSTA.

Show simple item record

CC0 1.0 Universal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC0 1.0 Universal