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dc.creatorSoto, E.H.
dc.creatorBotero, C. M.
dc.creatorB. Milanés, Celene
dc.creatorRodríguez-Santiago, A.
dc.creatorPalacios-Moreno, M.
dc.creatorDíaz-Ferguson, E.
dc.creatorVelázquez, Y. R.
dc.creatorAbbehusen, A.
dc.creatorGuerra-Castro, E.
dc.creatorSimoes, N.
dc.creatorMuciño-Reyes, M.
dc.creatorSouza Filho, J. R.
dc.description.abstractUrban tourist beach ecosystems provide the essential service of recreation. These ecosystems also support critical ecological functions where biodiversity conservation is not usually a priority. The sudden lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic created a unique opportunity to evaluate the effects of human absence in these urban-coastal ecosystems. This study examined bioindicators from 29 urban tourist beaches in seven Latin-American countries and assesses their response to lockdown about some relevant anthropogenic stressors such as pollution, noise, human activities, and user density. The presence of animals and plants, as well as the intensity of stressors, were assessed through a standardized protocol during lockdown conditions. Additionally, the environmental conditions of the beaches before and during lockdown were qualitatively compared using multivariate non-parametric statistics. We found notable positive changes in biological components and a clear decrease in human stressors on almost all the beaches. Dune vegetation increased on most sites. Similarly, high burrow densities of ghost crabs were observed on beaches, except those where cleaning activity persisted. Because of the lockdown, there was an exceptionally low frequency of beach users, which in turn reduced litter, noise and unnatural odors. The observed patterns suggest that tourist beaches can be restored to natural settings relatively quickly. We propose several indicators to measure changes in beaches once lockdown is relaxed. Adequate conservation strategies will render the recreational service of tourist beaches more
dc.publisherCorporación Universidad de la Costaspa
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universal*
dc.sourceBiological Conservationspa
dc.subjectTourist beachesspa
dc.subjectCoastal biodiversityspa
dc.subjectWildlife conservationspa
dc.titleHow does the beach ecosystem change without tourists during COVID-19 lockdown?spa
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