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dc.creatorGalimberti, Cecilia
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-24T14:35:43Z
dc.date.available2021-02-24T14:35:43Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.issn2171-6897
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/11323/7918
dc.description.abstractPartiendo del papel mediador de la arquitectura en la vida cotidiana de los seres humanos, el presente artículo reflexiona sobre la acción mediadora del Parque de España en Rosario (Argentina), proyectado por los arquitectos Martorell, Bohigas y Mackay, como proyecto reconciliador entre tierra y agua, arriba y abajo, público y privado. Esta obra, realizada en la ribera central de la ciudad, en un histórico sector ferroportuario, posibilita reconectar la costa inferior del río Paraná con el nivel superior de sus barrancas a través de una intervención atenta a las componentes históricas de identidad rosarina. El Parque de España se constituye como punta de lanza de la reconversión del frente fluvial central de la ciudad que, si bien se comienza a gestar en los últimos años de dictadura militar en Argentina, se configura desde una nueva mirada del papel del proyecto urbano como generador de espacio público de carácter democrático. Este proyecto resulta así un laboratorio empírico del modelo Barcelona, en el cual se desarrolla un nuevo diálogo en el habitar de la ciudad, transformando un imaginario vinculado a estar de espaldas al río a configurar una nueva barranca arquitectónica, balcón al río Paraná y su delta, instaurando una nueva cota cero.spa
dc.description.abstractStarting from the mediating role of architecture in the daily life of human beings, this article reflects on the mediating action of the Parque de España in Rosario (Argentina), projected by the architects Martorell, Bohigas and Mackay, as a project which reconciles the land with water, the up with down, the public with private. This work, carried out on the central bank of the city, in a historical railway port area, makes it possible to reconnect the lowest coast of the Paraná river with the upper level of its ravines through an attentive intervention in the historical components that comprise the identity of Rosario. Parque de España is constituted as the spearhead of the makeover of the central riverfront of the city. Although this began to brew during the last years of the military dictatorship in Argentina, it takes shape as a new perspective of the role of the urban project as a generator of public space, from a democratic point of view. This project is, thus, an empirical laboratory of the model of Barcelona, from which a new dialogue arises as regards the dwelling in the city, by transforming an imaginary linked to be with one’s back turned on the river into shaping a new architectural ravine and a balcony to the Paraná river and its delta, establishing a new zero level.spa
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfspa
dc.language.isospaspa
dc.publisherCorporación Universidad de la Costaspa
dc.rightsCC0 1.0 Universal*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/*
dc.sourceProyecto, progreso arquitecturaspa
dc.subjectProyecto urbanospa
dc.subjectParque Españaspa
dc.subjectBohigasspa
dc.subjectModelo Barcelonaspa
dc.subjectBarrancaspa
dc.subjectLugarspa
dc.subjectUrban projectspa
dc.subjectParque Españaspa
dc.subjectBohigasspa
dc.subjectModel of Barcelonaspa
dc.subjectRavinespa
dc.subjectPlacespa
dc.titleRefounding the urban horizon line: parque de España, MBM arquitectes (1979-1992)spa
dc.title.alternativeLa refundación de la línea del horizonte urbano: parque de España, MBM arquitectes (1979-1992)spa
dc.typearticlespa
dcterms.references1. PALLASMAA, Juhani. An Architecture of the Seven Senses. Steven HOLL; Juhani PALLASMAA; Alberto PÉREZ-GÓMEZ. Questions of perception. Phenomenology of architec - ture. Tokyo: A+U Publishing Co. Ltd, 2008, p. 37.spa
dcterms.references2. ÁVILA, Carlos. Proyectos de paisaje y medio ambiente urbano [Landscape and Urban Environment Projects]. In: Javier MOCLUS FRAGA, Dir. Proyectos integrados de arquitectura, paisaje y urbanismo: Curso de verano de la Universidad de Zaragoza. Jaca: University of Zaragoza, 2011, pp.176-187spa
dcterms.references3. HEIDEGGER, Martin. Building, dwelling, thinking. In: Martin HEIDEGGER, Conferencias y artículos. Barcelona: Ediciones del Serbal, 2001.spa
dcterms.references4. Norberg-Schulz, Christian. Genius Loci: Towards a phenomenology of architecture. Nueva York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1980.spa
dcterms.references5. It should be noted that the scale of Parque España project and its area for intervention (initially 14 hectares) turns to be innovative for MBM studio. Although it had decades of experience, such was not related to projects of such magnitude. In the following years, these will be the distinguishing feature of the studio.spa
dcterms.references6. It is highlighted that the reconversion of the waterfront, between the 1970s and 1980s, is already established internationally and is focus of debate in Barcelona (a city where MBM studio will later be in charge of the Olympic Village and its urban reconversion towards the sea).spa
dcterms.references7. ROSSI, Aldo. The architecture of the City. Revised 2nd ed. Barcelona: Gustavo Gili, 2010, p. 185.spa
dcterms.references8. Idem. Locus as a unique relationship and, at the same time, universal existing between a local area and the buildings erected in the place.spa
dcterms.references9. Mainly Spanish and Italian.spa
dcterms.references10. The port of Rosario is handed over to the national State in 1942 and the Argentine railway system is nationalized in 1948.spa
dcterms.references11. Especially, from the School of Architecture, Planning and Design; the Rosario University Centre for Urban and Regional Research (CURDIUR, in Spanish) and the Rosario Centre for Architects (CAR, in Spanish).spa
dcterms.references12. GALIMBERTI, Cecilia. La reinvención del río: procesos de transformación en la ribera de la Región Metropolitana de Rosario [The reinvention of the river: Processes os transformation of the river bank in the Metropolitan Region of Rosario]. Rosario: UNR Editora–A&P Ediciones, 2015.spa
dcterms.references13. As the initiative was supported by the General Consulate of Spain in Rosario, the Chancellor Gerardo Hernández Illañez and the Federation of Spanish Societies of the Province of Santa Fe.spa
dcterms.references14. BOHIGAS, Oriol, cited by ElguezÁbal, Eduardo. Oriol Bohigas en Rosario [Oriol Bohigas in Rosario]. In: Summa. Buenos Aires, August 1979, no.140, pp. 53-57.spa
dcterms.references15. MARTÍNEZ DE SAN VICENTE, Isabel. Cuaderno n.o 6 del CURDIUR: la interpretación arquitectónica de las ciudades de reciente formación [Notebook no. 6 of CURDIUR: the architectural interpretation of recently formed cities]. Rosario: Facultad de Arquitectura, Planeamiento y Diseño, 1985.spa
dcterms.references16. It should be noted that the architects Martorell, Bohigas and Mackay were who named the three areas indicated as east, central and west in the descriptive memory of the project (it is defined in this way given the north orientation of the city).spa
dcterms.references17. The earthmoving operations, for the excavation of the lake and the generation of a “little mountain” next to it, due to the earth mound, link the project with another one dating back to 1902, Parque Independencia in Rosario, with an analogous system for the creation of a lake and small mountain.spa
dcterms.references18. The project is subsequently financed largely within the framework of the budget assigned to the celebrations of the 5th Centenary of the Discovery of America. Consequently, only the execution of the so-called eastern sector is resolved and its inauguration is required for the year 1992, a date in which it was commemorated the 500 years of the initial bond between the new continent and Spain.spa
dcterms.references19. ROSADO, José Luis; GALIMBERTI, Cecilia. Parque España. A project for the restructuring of Rosario’s waterfront. In: Portus Plus. The contemporary port city and new models of port-city relations. Venice: Rete, 2011, no. 2. [Search: 03-19-2020]. ISSN 2039-6422. Available at: http://retedigital.com/wp-content/themes/rete/pdfs/por - tus_plus/2_2011/Tem%C3%A1ticas/La_ciudad_portuaria_latino_americana/01_Jos%C3%A9LuisRosado_CeciliaGalimberti.pdfspa
dcterms.references20. LYNCH, Kevin. La imagen de la ciudad [The image of the city]. Buenos Aires: Ediciones Infinito, 1970, p. 122.spa
dcterms.references21. Idem.spa
dcterms.references22. BOHIGAS, Oriol. Proceso y erótica del diseño [Process and erotics of design]. Barcelona: La Gaya Ciencia, 1972.spa
dcterms.references23. Idemspa
dcterms.references24. ESTUDIO MBM. Legajo del Parque de España [Dossier of the Parque de España]. Rosario. Unpubished. 1980.spa
dcterms.references25. FRAMPTON, Kenneth. Martorell, Bohigas, Mackay: 30 años de arquitectura 1954-1984 [Mackay:spa
dcterms.references26. It is particularly noteworthy the role of a previous project called Moll de la Fusta (1983), by the architect Manuel de Solá-Morales, through which a new sea relationship is established with a procedure to define the particular groundline, through the intervention of different topographic levels for parking lots, roads and pedestrian routes. 27. Although in that year only the aforementioned eastern sector of the Parque de España project was inaugurated, the entire master plan proposed by MBM studio foresha - dows and leads to the subsequent riverside reconversion of Rosario, which was developed mainly in the 21st century.spa
dcterms.references27. Although in that year only the aforementioned eastern sector of the Parque de España project was inaugurated, the entire master plan proposed by MBM studio foresha - dows and leads to the subsequent riverside reconversion of Rosario, which was developed mainly in the 21st century.spa
dcterms.references28. Montaner, Josep María. La evolución del “modelo Barcelona” [The evolution of the “Barcelona model”]. In: Josep María MONTANER; Fernando ÁLVAREZ; Zaida MUXI, eds. Archivo Crítico modelo Barcelona 1973-2004 [Critical files: the Barcelona model, 1973-2004]. Barcelona: Ajuntament de Barcelona - ETSAB, UPC, 2011, pp. 11-27.spa
dcterms.references29. Idem.spa
dcterms.references30. Idem.spa
dcterms.references31. CAPEL, Horacio. El modelo Barcelona: un examen crítico [The Barcelona model: a critical examination]. Barcelona: Ediciones del Serbal, 2005; BORJA, Jordi;MUXÍ, Zaida, eds. Urbanismo en el siglo XXI: una visión crítica [Urbanism in the 21st century: a critical vision]. Barcelona: Edicions UPC, ETSAB (Arquitext), 2004.spa
dcterms.references32. BOHIGAS, Oriol; cited by CAPEL, Horacio. El debate sobre la construcción de la ciudad y el llamado “modelo Barcelona” [The debate on the construction of the city and the so-called “Barcelona model”]. In: Scripta Nova. Revista Electrónica de Geografía y Ciencias sociales [Electronic Journal of Geography and Social Sciences] [online]. Barcelona: University of Barcelona, February 15th, 2007, vol. XI, no. 233.spa
dcterms.references33. Royal Institute of British Architects. It is highlighted that this award went to the city of Barcelona and was received by Bohigas precisely for its central role in the transformation of the aforementioned city between the 1980s and 1990s.spa
dcterms.references34. BOHIGAS, Oriol. Discurso tras la recepción del premio medalla de oro del RIBA [Speech after the reception of the RIBA gold medal award]. Transl. by Patricia ALLEN. In: A&P Continuidad. Rosario: A&P Ediciones, 2019, vol. 6, no. 10, pp. 12-17. ISSNe 2362-6097. ISSN 2362-6089.spa
dcterms.references35. PALLASMAA, Juhani, op. cit. supra, note 1spa
dc.source.urlhttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/347169095_LA_REFUNDACION_DE_LA_LINEA_DEL_HORIZONTE_URBANO_PARQUE_DE_ESPANA_MBM_ARQUITECTES_1979-1992spa
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessspa
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.12795/ppa.2020.i23.07
dc.type.hasversioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionspa


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