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dc.creatorBarrera Hernández, Juan Camilo
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-26T19:28:10Z
dc.date.available2021-05-26T19:28:10Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationBarrera, J. (2021) Potencial de generación de energía eléctrica a partir de la biomasa residual del proceso de extracción de palma de aceite en la zona norte de Colombia. Trabajo de maestría. Recuperado de https://hdl.handle.net/11323/8286
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/11323/8286
dc.descriptionMaestría en Eficiencia Energética y Energías Renovablesspa
dc.description.abstractThe energy potential of the residual oil palm biomass generated in seven extraction plants located in northern Colombia is evaluated through a cogeneration system with extraction turbine – condensation. For all the cases analyzed, the available biomass not only covers the energy requirements of the process, but it can also supply a surplus of energy. The energy potential of residual biomass ranges from 22.5 - 46.5 MW per year for the cases studied. For palm oil mills with capacities between 21 – 41 tRFF-1 it is estimated that it is possible to obtain surplus electricity between 1.7 – 8.9 MW, considering that the energy use of the empty fruit bunch as fuel can increase between 40 – 60 % the energy provided by the kernel shell and fiber. Regarding environmental performance, the calculated GHG emissions were 1 – 3 g CO2eq per kWh for the cases studied. By replacing the electricity of the national interconnected system, the energy generated by biomass could mitigate between 214 - 385 g CO2eq per ton of fresh fruit bunch per year. Depending on the availability of the empty fruit bunch, its energy use can increase the replacement of emissions by 60 – 80%. Electricity generation can be developed at a level cost of electricity between 131 – 223 COP kWh-1 for the palm oil mills studied considering a ten-year investment, which could be economically attractive considering that the cost of selling electricity in Colombia stood between 113 - 321 COP kWh-1 for 2019.spa
dc.description.abstractEl potencial energético de la biomasa residual de palma de aceite generada en siete plantas extractoras ubicadas en la Zona Norte de Colombia es evaluado a través de un sistema de cogeneración con turbina de extracción – condensación. Para todos los casos evaluados, la biomasa disponible no solo cubre los requerimientos energéticos del proceso, sino que también puede suplir un excedente de energía. El potencial energético de la biomasa residual oscila entre los 22.5 - 46.5 MW anuales para los casos estudiados. Para plantas extractoras de aceite con capacidades entre 21 – 41 tRFF-1 se estima que es posible obtener excedentes de energía eléctrica entre 1.7 – 8.9 MW, considerando que el aprovechamiento energético de la tusa como combustible puede incrementar entre un 40 – 60 % la energía aportada por el cuesco y la fibra. Respecto al desempeño ambiental, las emisiones de GEI calculadas fueron de 1 – 3 g CO2eq por kWh en las diferentes plantas de aceite. En comparación con la energía eléctrica del sistema interconectado nacional, la electricidad generada por la biomasa residual de la extracción del aceite de palma tiene el potencial de reducir entre 214 - 385 g CO2eq por tonelada de fruto procesado al año. Dependiendo de la disponibilidad de la tusa para su aprovechamiento energético, puede incrementarse la reducción de emisiones entre un 60 – 80%. La generación eléctrica puede desarrollarse con un costo nivelado de electricidad entre 131 – 223 COP kWh-1 para las plantas estudiadas considerando una inversión a diez años, lo cual podría ser económicamente atractivo considerando que el costo de venta de electricidad en Colombia se situó entre los 113 - 321 COP kWh-1 para el año 2019.spa
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfspa
dc.language.isospaspa
dc.publisherCorporación Universidad de la Costaspa
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/*
dc.subjectBiomassspa
dc.subjectPalm oilspa
dc.subjectPower generationspa
dc.subjectCHPspa
dc.subjectBioenergyspa
dc.subjectBiomasaspa
dc.subjectPalma de aceitespa
dc.subjectGeneración eléctricaspa
dc.subjectCogeneraciónspa
dc.subjectBioenergíaspa
dc.titlePotencial de generación de energía eléctrica a partir de la biomasa residual del proceso de extracción de palma de aceite en la zona norte de Colombiaspa
dc.typemasterThesisspa
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dc.contributor.tutorSagastume Gutiérrez, Alexis
dc.contributor.tutorCabello Eras, Juan José
dc.rights.accessrightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessspa
dc.type.hasversioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersionspa


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