Sistema de control de gestión de las grandes empresas constructoras de vivienda en Barranquilla
Rojas Serrano, Dalgy Stephanie
Cáceres Ortiz, Rubiel Alejandro
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AbstractThe construction sector is the main source of employment in Colombia. Within this, large companies that have managed to be sustainable for decades have stood out. This invites us to inquire about what type of strategies or parameters they have been implementing or developing to achieve such results. The theories of the administration are of universal application, and this research seeks to identify if the large housing construction companies in the country, with a presence in Barranquilla, are applying what concerns the control of their management based on the parameters that define the theory. The objective is then to analyze its control system, recognizing its strategic, tactical / operational and economic dimension, and establishing alternatives that strengthen its integrality according to the results. The research maintains a quantitative approach since it starts from previously defined theoretical frameworks, looking for empirical evidence to contrast its contents, making use of statistical information. The sample includes large companies established in the city of Barranquilla that have maintained an excellent performance in sales and square meters executed in the last 5 years. For this, we had the support of the databases of the Colombian Chamber of Construction (Camacol) and the Chamber of Commerce. The bibliographic review allowed us to identify that there are not many investigations regarding this approach and less in the city, which invites us to initiate investigations covering new administrative variables and a greater field of action such as contractors and suppliers in the sector. Under an instrument with a Likert-type scale and a statistical analysis, due to the size of the sample, the object of study could be fulfilled. The analysis of the results showed that all the parameters described by the main researchers are largely fulfilled in more than 80%, and that some companies are in the process of strengthening these theories in practical exercise or present weaknesses in some aspects such as it. They are internal communication, establishment of corporate policies and values, incentive program, monitoring of compliance with its general objectives and strategies, recognition of its key success factors, definition of its operational indicators, training programs and training of its employees, decentralization of decisions, and deeper financial analysis.